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Flag of the Week: Colombia

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Colombia is the most populous nation of Spanish-speaking South America.

Symbols on the Flag

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On the Colombian flag, the yellow stripe represents the gold abundant in Colombia, the blue the country’s seas and the red, the blood spilled fighting for Colombian independence.

Fast Facts

Area: 440,800 mi2 Population: 49,592,000 Capital: Bogotá Language: Spanish Religion: Roman Catholic Currency: Colombian peso


Colombia has an extremely diverse physical geography, with volcanoes and mountains in its center, tropical beaches along the north and west, deserts in the north, and grasslands in the east.

Famous Figures

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Iván Duque Márquez has been President of Colombia since 2018; the country will host presidential elections this year.

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Sofia Vergara is a famous Colombian actress who was the highest paid actress in American television from 2013 to 2020.

Food + Culture

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One of the most famous dishes in Colombia is the Bandeja Paisa, a hearty meal of white rice, red beans, ground or minced beef, plantain, chorizo sausage, corn, pork crackling, fried egg, an arepa and avocado.

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Colombia’s capital Bogotá is often referred to as the “Athens of South America”, and is the main cultural center of the country.

Source: Britannica Encyclopedia