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Duke University has high expectations for students’ scholarship and conduct. In accepting admission, students indicate their willingness to subscribe to and be governed by the rules and regulations of the university, which flow from the Duke Community Standard. These policies reflect the Duke Community Standard’s fundamental values—honesty, fairness, respect, and accountability
Students acknowledge the right of the university to take disciplinary action, including suspension or expulsion, for failure to abide by the regulations or for other conduct adjudged unsatisfactory or detrimental to the university community.
Students and groups may be held accountable for any violation of university policy that may or may not be included on this site or published in The Duke Community Standard: A Guide for Students, whether on or off campus. In addition, students must abide by local ordinances and state and federal laws. Note that other university policies that students are expected to abide by are published elsewhere, such as the Housing and Residence Life (HRL) housing license terms, and university parking regulations.
Lying is communicating untruths or misrepresentations in order to gain an academic or employment advantage.
It includes, but is not limited to:
intentionally underperforming on a placement exam.
Cheating is the act of wrongfully using or attempting to use unauthorized materials, information, study aids, or the ideas or work of another. It includes, but is not limited to:
“Plagiarism” occurs when a student, with intent to deceive or with disregard for proper scholarly procedures, presents any information, ideas, or phrasing of another as if they were the student’s own and/or does not give appropriate credit to the original source. Proper scholarly procedures require that all quoted material be identified by quotation marks or indentation on the page, and the source of information and ideas, if from another, must be identified and be attributed to that source. Students are responsible for learning proper scholarly procedures.
Plagiarism may include:
The term “assignment” includes any work, required or volunteered, submitted for review, academic credit, and/or disciplinary sanction.
All academic work undertaken by a student must be completed independently unless the faculty member or other responsible authority expressly authorizes collaboration with another.
Stealing is the act of intentionally taking or appropriating the property of another, including academic work, without consent or permission and with the intent to keep or use the property without the permission of the owner or the rightful possessor.
As a community of scholars and learners, Duke University expects those within its community to be responsible for their choices related to the use of alcohol and other drugs. In keeping with this principle and federal, state, and local laws, the University‘s Alcohol and Other Drugs Policy emphasizes individual and shared responsibility, healthy and informed decision-making, the maintenance of a caring environment, and the promotion of genuine dialogue. Students are encouraged to learn about the potential social, physiological, and psychological consequences of alcohol and drug abuse. Excessive and high-risk substance use can lead to negative consequences for the Duke community and its members, including assault, illness, injury, litter, noise, property damage, and driving under the influence. All members of the Duke community share responsibility for creating an environment that limits dangerous substance use behaviors and, therefore, reduces the likelihood of these negative outcomes.
Reasonable use of alcohol is permitted on campus pursuant to the following guidelines:
Student(s) and student groups are prohibited from engaging in actions that are harmful or potentially harmful to oneself or others involving the use of alcohol (i.e., the illegal driving while under the influence of alcohol, attempted use of fraudulent identification or another’s identification to obtain alcohol, etc.). Actions while under the influence of alcohol that are disruptive to the on- and -off campus communities are also prohibited (i.e., disorderly conduct, damaging property, fighting, running away or hiding from university or public officials).
Any gathering (i.e., 25 guests or more present) where alcohol is present must be registered by the hosting student(s) or student organization(s) and required to follow the Guidelines for Events Involving Alcohol. The Guidelines for Events Involving Alcohol are designed to promote safe events for community members and help student(s) and student organizations mitigate the risks of hosting an event. For more information regarding registering social events and/or events with alcohol, see the Guidelines for Events Involving Alcohol.
At its discretion, the university may prohibit specific calendar dates, individual(s), student groups, and/or events with alcohol.
Students and student organizations, regardless of age or location, are prohibited from possessing, using, selling, distributing, growing, manufacturing, and facilitating the use of illegal drugs, controlled substances, and other illegal substances, as well as substances that are used to impair. This includes the improper use of an otherwise lawful substance. This includes substances covered under the North Carolina Controlled Substances Act, the North Carolina Toxic Vapors Act, the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act and/or any other applicable law.
Duke prohibits the unlawful distribution, possession, social sharing, non-prescribed use, or abuse of prescription drugs. Altering, tampering, or forging a prescription is prohibited.
Duke prohibits driving while under the influence of drugs, regardless of location or age, except as permitted by law.
Duke also prohibits the possession of drug paraphernalia, including but not limited to bongs, pipes, or homemade equipment.
Because health and safety of students are of primary importance, students are encouraged not only to look out for their own health and safety but also for that of their peers. When a person’s health and/or safety is/are threatened or appear(s) to be in jeopardy, immediate action should be taken to prevent injury/illness/danger. Dial 911 (or the Duke Police Department at 919-684-2444 if you are on campus) for help. Whatever the particular need/problem, it is important to respond in a responsible and timely manner.
Formal disciplinary action for a violation of possession or use of alcohol and other drugs will not be taken against students for whom medical assistance is sought, or those who seek medical assistance for themselves or for others. Students or student groups who are alleged to have violated other University policies are not entitled to amnesty for their non-alcohol or other drug-related misconduct.
A student who receives medical assistance may be required to attend an approved alcohol or drug education program, educational assignment, assessment, and/or possible referral for treatment. Parents of such students may also be notified. A group that facilitates the acquisition of drugs may also be required to notify its advisor, provide an educational program for members, and/or change its processes for hosting events.
In the event that a student or student group fails to meet with the designated specialist, chooses not to participate in the outlined expectations or programs, or exhibits a pattern of abusive behavior with alcohol and/or other substances, the student or student group may be subject to formal disciplinary action for failure to comply and/or subsequent policy violation(s).
The purpose of this policy is to ensure an aesthetically pleasing campus, protect university facilities, and allow for students to use the “Free Expression” bridge/tunnel without damaging neighboring property. Individuals and student groups may express opinions within this area that are not restricted by content, except by legal standards.
The surface of the “Free Expression” bridge/tunnel (located on Campus Drive under Main Street) may be painted within the span of the ceiling of the tunnel (but not the ceiling itself), as well as on the outer edge of the Pettigrew Bridge facing Campus Drive and, the exterior (inner) face of the concrete Campus Drive tunnel walls. However, painting is not allowed on the sidewalks or roadways inside or outside the tunnel. Supplies are the responsibility of the painter(s) and are not provided by the university. Painter(s) may not impede the flow of traffic. Any ladders used may not exceed six feet.
There is no restriction regarding painting over the sections of the tunnel that other people or student groups have painted—no matter how recently they have been painted. However, animosity is often generated toward student groups who paint over sections that are advertising events not yet held or sections painted very recently. Please use courtesy and common sense when selecting an area of the tunnel to paint.
Any person may remove non-conforming material. Policy violations resulting in the need for restoration should be reported to Duke University Police. Reimbursement for any restoration costs (i.e., paint removal, cleaning, removal of residual substances, and so on) will be the responsibility of the violating party.
No painting will be allowed at any other locations on the campus of Duke University, including these areas near the tunnel:
Students or student groups who violate these expectations will be held accountable through the university’s disciplinary processes and may also be subject to criminal charges. Note that that defacement of any public property (i.e., property not owned by Duke) is a violation of North Carolina law.
Although there is no restriction on the content painted on the Free Expression tunnel and the Pettigrew Bridge (except by legal standards), painters should consider the broad effect of what is depicted/written on the walls on the overall campus climate.
Consider these questions as you plan to paint:
Students or student groups who behave in the classroom in such a way that the educational experiences of other students and/or the instructor’s course objectives are disrupted are subject to disciplinary action, including possible exclusion from a course. Such behavior impedes students’ ability to learn or an instructor’s ability to teach. Disruptive behavior may include, but is not limited to: non-approved use of electronic devices; cursing or shouting at others in such a way as to be disruptive; or, other violations of an instructor’s expectations for classroom conduct.
The Policy on Prohibited Discrimination, Harassment, and Related Misconduct (PPDHRM) governs allegations of discrimination based on age, color, disability, gender, gender expression, gender identity, genetic information, national origin, race, religion, sex, sexual orientation, or veteran status (i.e., protected class status); see https://oie.duke.edu for the university’s full discrimination policy. The Office for Institutional Equity facilitates the intake and investigation of discrimination allegations under the PPDHRM, and OSCCS facilitates the resolution of discrimination matters in which the respondent is an undergraduate or graduate student according to the procedures set forth in the Student Conduct Resolutions and Procedures noted in this guide.
Disorderly conduct is defined as:
Disorderly conduct includes, but is not limited to: reckless driving; interrupting or interfering with the carrying out of the duties of a university or public official, including law enforcement; vomiting and/or urinating in public; and, indecent exposure.
A student or student group may be held accountable for failure to comply with:
Honesty and integrity are critical components of the Duke Community Standard. A student or student group may be subject to disciplinary action for any of the following actions:
Any supplemental statements listed below apply in addition to those described in the Safety Manual.
Candles and Other Open Flames. www.safety.duke.edu/sites/default/files/IV_1FireProtection.pdf
Students who either provide or contribute materials to burn or who ignite or attempt to ignite flammable materials will be considered in violation of this policy. Students also should realize that such actions violate state law and may result in a citation for unlawful burning.
Grills. See Open Fires. www.safety.duke.edu/sites/default/files/IV_1FireProtection.pdf
Failure to abide by this policy and city ordinance may result in a fine as determined by the Durham Fire Marshal in addition to disciplinary action.
Tampering with electrical wiring, including but not limited to the installation of direct-wired ceiling fans and unauthorized entry into electrical panel boxes, is prohibited. Residents are responsible for any damages caused by electrical appliances that are not owned by Duke University.
Halogen Lamps. OESO Fire & Life Safety Division and Housing and Residence Life prohibit halogen lights in residential areas. The very high temperatures reached by their bulbs constitute a fire hazard and a potential source of burns. In addition, the geometry of the floor model lamp tends to make them very unstable and easily tipped over.
Decorations, Holiday, and Theme Parties. www.safety.duke.edu/sites/default/files/IV_1FireProtection.pdf
Fireworks/Pyrotechnics. Students or performers may not possess/use fireworks or pyrotechnics of any kind on campus. Anyone who sees a person with these materials should immediately report it to Duke Police.
Flammable/Combustible Materials. Flammable/combustible materials including but not limited to gasoline, lighter fluid, and propane tanks are not permitted inside residential buildings.
Obstruction of Hallways, Stairwells, Sidewalks, and Lawns. North Carolina fire safety codes prohibit the obstruction of hallways and stairwells. The Durham Fire Marshal mandates the immediate removal of all items obstructing hallways and stairwells. Housing and Residence Life, Facilities Management, OESO Fire & Life Safety, or Duke Police will remove without warning or reimbursement furniture, bicycles, lumber, and all other items found obstructing hallways or stairwells. University furniture will be removed from hallways and stairwells and residents may be charged for missing furniture. Sidewalks, stairways, and entryways must not be used for purposes other than ingress or egress. Bicycles may not be left in these areas or other locations where they may cause harm to persons or grounds keeping equipment.
Damaging or Tampering with Fire Safety Equipment. Relocating, removing, tampering with, or destroying smoke detectors or fire safety equipment is strictly prohibited. Damage and/or theft of fire equipment are punishable under North Carolina state law. Intentional false alarms, damage, theft, and misuse of fire detection, alarm, and extinguishing equipment are punishable under the criminal law provision of the North Carolina Statute 14-286 and may result in the loss of housing privileges and/or disciplinary action. In addition, residents will be charged for fire damage resulting from neglect or intentional actions. If a resident or staff member notices any damaged, missing, or malfunctioning equipment, they should immediately report the deficiency to the housing office or OESO Fire & Life Safety Division.
It is against North Carolina state law and Duke University policy to gamble, with the exception of the state lottery. A student/student group is gambling if the student/student group operates, plays, or bets at any game of chance at which any money, property, or other thing of value is bet. Raffles of any kind, including those sponsored by student groups, are also prohibited. A “raffle” is defined as “a game in which the prize is won by random drawing of the name or number of one or more persons purchasing chances” (N.C.G.S. §14-309.15). Poker nights and casino games are permitted only if no admission is charged, no buy-in is required, and no real money is wagered.
Students and student groups are responsible for notifying their guests of university rules and regulations and may be held accountable for the conduct of their guests. Guests can be Duke University students or non-students.
Guests on campus who do not abide by university policies are subject to being trespassed. Students are responsible for the behavior of visitors to their room/apartment and may be found responsible for behavior that occurs there whether or not the occupant(s) is/are present.
The Policy on Prohibited Discrimination, Harassment, and Related Misconduct (PPDHRM) governs allegations of harassment based on age, color, disability, gender, gender expression, gender identity, genetic information, national origin, race, religion, sex, sexual orientation, or veteran status (i.e., protected class status); see https://oie.duke.edu/ppdhrm for the university’s full harassment policy. The Office for Institutional Equity facilitates the intake and investigation of harassment allegations under PPDHRM, and the Office of Student Conduct facilitates the resolution of harassment matters in which the respondent is an undergraduate or graduate student according to the procedures set forth in the Resolution of Student Conflict and Alleged Violations of University Policy (page 41).
All other allegations of harassment that do not involve a protected class status are covered under this policy. Under this policy, harassment is defined as unwelcome conduct that is so severe, persistent, and/or pervasive that it alters the conditions of education, employment, or participation in a program or activity, thereby creating an environment that a reasonable person in similar circumstances and with similar identities would find hostile, intimidating, or abusive. Harassment is distinguished from behavior that, even though unpleasant or disconcerting, is appropriate to the carrying out of certain instructional, advisory, or supervisory responsibilities.
Hazing is a serious infraction of university regulations. The potential for hazing typically arises as part of a student’s introduction to or initiation in a student group (fraternity, sorority, athletic team, or other group) in which there is often a perceived or real power differential between members of the student group and those newly joining it.
Hazing defined. Hazing is defined as any action taken or situation created, whether on or off university premises, that is harmful or potentially harmful to an individual’s physical, emotional, or psychological well-being, regardless of an individual’s willingness to participate or its bearing on the individual’s membership status. Such activities and situations include, but are not limited to: calisthenics; pledge/signature books; personal servitude; sleep deprivation or interruption of consecutive sleep hours; acts that disrupt academic instruction or learning of others; expected or forced consumption of food, drink (including alcohol), or other substance; branding; and paddling in any form.
Any student and/or student group found responsible for hazing will be subject to sanctions outlined in the disciplinary process, including, but not limited to: disciplinary probation, restrictions on member recruitment and/or student group activity, removal of the student from the student group, loss of housing privileges, de- recognition, suspension, and/or expulsion. Sanctioning will increase with the level of violation and any previous hazing violations. (Levels of violation listed above are guidelines only and may change given particular circumstances of a violation.) Students should also be aware that hazing is a misdemeanor under North Carolina state law.
Reporting concerning activities
Acts or potential acts of hazing may be reported to OSCCS (919-684-6938 and/or studentaffairs.duke.edu/conduct/report-incident) or Duke Police (911 or 919-684-2444). In addition, concerns may be reported anonymously via voicemail to the university’s Hazing Hotline at 919-684-5766. Maintaining the anonymity of the source is possible, but may limit the extent of action that can be taken.
Students and student groups are expected to respect the rights of others at all times. During specified hours, higher noise levels are permitted, but must remain at a level considerate of those students who wish to study or sleep. Please refer to the Housing and ResidenceLife Policy for expectations in the residence halls; see studentaffairs.duke.edu/hdrl/housing-policies.Additionally, amplified sound is permitted on thePlaza between noon and 1 p.m. on weekdays with permission from University Center Activities & Events(UCAE).From reading day(s) through the end of finals, quiet hours are in effect 24 hours a day.
Any physical abuse, fighting, and/or endangerment to an individual or student group is specifically prohibited. This behavior includes, but is not limited to:
Duke University respects the right of all members of the academic community to explore and to discuss questions which interest them, to express opinions publicly and privately, and to join together to demonstrate their concern by orderly means. It is the policy of the university to protect the right of voluntary assembly, to make its facilities available for peaceful assembly, to welcome guest speakers, to protect the exercise of these rights from disruption or interference.
The university also respects the right of each member of the academic community to be free from coercion and harassment. It recognizes that academic freedom is no less dependent on ordered liberty than any other freedom, and it understands that the harassment of others is especially reprehensible in a community of scholars. The substitution of noise for speech and force for reason is a rejection and not an application of academic freedom. A determination to discourage conduct which is disruptive and disorderly does
not threaten academic freedom; it is rather, a necessary condition of its very existence. Therefore, Duke University will not allow disruptive or disorderly conduct on its premises to interrupt its proper operation. Persons engaging in disruptive action or disorderly conduct shall be subject to disciplinary action, including expulsion or separation, and also charges of violations of law.
Students planning a picket, protest, or demonstration should contact University Center Activities and Events (919-684-4741) for guidance and further information.
Disruptive picketing, protesting, or demonstrating on Duke University property or at any place in use for an authorized university purpose is prohibited.
While Duke University recognizes the right to voluntary assembly, members of the university community must recognize that the Medical Center provides care for individuals needing uninterrupted medical services in tranquil surroundings. Accordingly, all pickets, demonstrations, mass assemblies, and protests shall be confined to campus areas and are strictly prohibited in or around any Medical Center building.
Cases arising out of violations of the Pickets and Protests Regulations will be heard by the University Judicial Board, in accordance with the procedures outlined herein. The University Judicial Board shall have jurisdiction over members of the student body, members of the faculty, and administrative personnel of the university not subject to the personnel policy handbook. Hearings will be conducted with regard for academic due process. The decision of the University Judicial Board shall be final if the accused is exonerated or if there is no appeal. In other cases, students may appeal to the president, or, in the president’s absence, the provost, in which case such appeal shall be solely on the record of the proceedings before the Hearing Committee of the University Judicial Board. Argument on appeal shall be on written submission, but the president may, in addition, require oral argument.
A Hearing Committee will consist of two faculty members, one dean, and two students. These students will be selected from members of the judicial boards or governments in the undergraduate, graduate, or
professional colleges or schools. The chair of the Hearing Committee will be designated by its members. The Hearing Committee will conduct its proceedings in accordance with academic due process.
These regulations on pickets, protests, and demonstrations may be changed or amended by the university at any time but any such change or amendment shall be effective only after publication or other notice. These regulations supersede any regulations heretofore issued on the subject.
Students and student groups are expected to respect the property of others (including that of the university) and may be subject to disciplinary action for the following:
Retaliation by individual students, groups of students, or student groups is prohibited. Retaliation is an adverse action or threat of adverse action taken against an individual for reporting behavior that may be prohibited by law or policy or participating in an investigation or resolution process related to an allegation of misconduct.
Retaliation must be sufficiently severe or pervasive to create a work or academic environment that a reasonable person would consider intimidating, hostile, or abusive and that adversely affects the targeted individual’s/ student group’s educational, work, or living environment.
The Policy on Prohibited Discrimination, Harassment, and Related Misconduct (PPDHRM) governs allegations of sex/gender-based harassment; see oie.duke.edu/knowledge-base/policies-statements-and-procedures for the university’s full discrimination and harassment policy. The Office for Institutional Equity facilitates the intake and investigation of allegations under the PPDHRM, and the Office of Student Conduct & Community Standards facilitates the resolution process for sexual misconduct (non-Title IX) matters in which the respondent is an undergraduates or graduate student according to the procedures set forth in the Student Conduct Resolutions and Procedures.
Stalking is a course of conduct (including cyberstalking) directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for their or others’ safety, or to offer substantial emotional distress.
Sex/gender-based stalking is considered under the Policy on Prohibited Discrimination, Harassment, and Related Misconduct; see oie.duke.edu/knowledge-base/policies-statements-and-procedures.
Theft and possession of stolen property are prohibited. Theft is the unauthorized taking of property and/or property/services of another. Possessing stolen property occurs when a student or students know or reasonably should have known that property in their possession was obtained through theft, including knowingly being in possession of stolen goods (this includes unauthorized use of vehicles, equipment, services, the Duke University name and logo.
Capturing or recording audio, video, or photographic images of an individual in a location or under circumstances in which that person has a reasonable expectation of privacy, including, but not limited to, shower/locker rooms, residence hall rooms, and restrooms, is prohibited. Also prohibited is the storing, sharing, and/or other distribution of such unauthorized surveillance/photography (no matter whether directly or indirectly obtained) by any means, electronic or non-electronic.
Although North Carolina law permits weapons on public university campuses under certain parameters, Duke University policy has not changed and continues to prohibit weapons on campus.
It is against university policy to possess and/or use a gun, rifle, pistol, or other firearm of any kind, or any powerful explosive on university property. Additionally, other than when permitted by the Vice Provost/Vice President for Student Affairs (or designee) for legitimate educational purposes, students are not permitted to possess and/or use on campus any weapon, including but not limited to pepper spray, mace, BB gun, stun gun, paintball gun, potato gun, realistic-looking toy gun, air rifle, air pistol, sword, bowie knife, dagger, slingshot, switchblade knife, blackjack, and metallic knuckles.
Other violations for which students or student groups may be subject to disciplinary action include, but are not limited to: